Psetta maxima, is a flatfish of the Scophthalmidae family.
The turbot is a left-handed “circular” flatfish with spines on its back. The largest turbot females grow to 90-100 cm, while the males rarely grow above 50 cm.
The turbot is found over a fairly large area that includes the entire west coast of Europe up to southern Norway in addition to the areas around the Faroe Islands and Iceland, the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and a good distance into the Baltic Sea. This is partly due to the fact that it can withstand relatively low salt concentrations.
The turbot lives primarily on sandy bottoms along the coast, but can be found at depths down to 80 meters.
The turbot is a semi-fatty fish that contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega 3), and is rich in selenium. With its white and firm flesh, that easily can be separated from the bones, it is a popular fish. But as not many turbot are caught, it is a relatively expensive fish.
The turbot is one of the few fresh fish that gets better from maturing 2-4 days on ice.